Title :

The altar and the city : Botticelli's 'mannerism' and the reform of sacred art

Author :
BURROUGHS, Charles ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
This essay takes up the connection of 'mannerist' tendencies and crisis in relation to the late work of Botticelli, which is sometimes characterized as mannerist. A distinct change in Botticelli's style evident after ca.1488 is especially marked in religious paintings, producing a divergence between secular and sacred imagery at a time of the resurgence of concern with issues of idolatry in Florentine intellectual circles. The assertive anti-naturalism and anti-perspectivism in Botticelli's sacred paintings betray a fragmentation of the unified art of painting as theorized by Alberti. Even within single works, Botticelli combines diverse levels of naturalism, subverting the Albertian conception of pictorial narrative. On the basis of the discussion of the topographical and institutional contexts of certain of Botticelli's late religious paintings [especially his Lamentation over the Dead Christ (ca.1494; Munich, Alte Pinakothek)], the essay relates them to cultural and political shifts in Florence. In particular, certain radical works are elucidated against the background of renewed emphasis on the city of Florence as a replication of the sacred topography of Rome. This climaxed during Savonarola's ascendancy, in line with the friar's vision of Florence as purified counterpart to Rome-Babylon. After discussion of specific issues of patronage and iconography, concludes with speculation about the significance of Botticelli's innovations for major early 16th-c. artistic developments. ;
Pagination/Size :
10 ill.; 2 maps ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi), 1444/45-1510 ; Crise ; Déploration du Christ ; Firenze (ITA) ; Italie ; Maniérisme ; München (DEU), Alte Pinakothek ; Oeuvres tardives ; Peinture ; Politique ; Roma (ITA) ; Savonarola, Girolamo, 1452-1498 ; 1400-1500 ;
Descriptors :
Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi), 1444/45-1510 ; Crisis ; Firenze (ITA) ; Italy ; Lamentation ; Late works ; Mannerism ; München (DEU), Alte Pinakothek ; Painting ; Politics ; Roma (ITA) ; Savonarola, Girolamo, 1452-1498 ; 1400-1500 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Artibus et historiae, 1997, 18, 36
INIST identifier :
24999217 ;
ISSN 0391-9064 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
IRSA, Wien
Publisher country :