Title :

Connotations of sin and heresy in the figure of the Black King in some northern Renaissance adorations

Author :
PINSON, Yona ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
The image of the dark or black king in the Adoration derives from a passage of Pseudo-Bede. In later exegetical sources the personage was described as an Ethiopian or black African. Although the third Magus's blackness derives from early exegetical sources, it became established in the visual arts only in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. In contemporary culture, both high and popular, the blackness of the Moor was associated with evil, sin, and heresy. These established prejudices might have been transferred to the third Magus. Such hints of evil and heresy are usually concealed in the adornments, attributes, or the offering of the Black King as he bows down to the Child (see Ulrich Apt's and Schauflein's versions). Focuses mainly on Bosch's and Breugel's versions of the Adoration of the Kings (ca.1510; Madrid, Museo del Prado and 1564; London, National Gallery, respectively). These two related works raise many problems of interpretation. Suggests a new reading of the Black Magus, based on the emblematic signs concealed in the kings' cloaks, their offerings, and also their gestures and attributes; this is examined in relation both to patristic exegetical literature and to the contemporary image of the black in popular literature. The penetration of the negative image of the black man into a high devotional moment is significant. ;
Pagination/Size :
19 ill. (14 col.) ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Adoration des Mages ; Apt, Ulrich, l'Ancien, v.1460-1532 ; Belgique ; Bosch, Hieronymus (Hieronymus van Aken), v.1450-1516 ; Bruegel, Pieter, l'Ancien, n.1525-1530, m.1569 ; Christ: Adoration des Mages ; Europe du Nord ; Exégèse ; Iconographie ; Iconographie chrétienne ; London (GBR), National Gallery ; Madrid (ESP), Museo Nacional del Prado ; Noirs ; Pays-Bas ; Peinture ; Péché ; Rois Mages ; Schäufelein, Hans Leonhard, 1480/85-1537/40 ; Symbolisme ; 1500-1600 ; 1508-1509 ; 1508-1510 ; 1510 ;
Descriptors :
Adoration of the Magi ; Apt, Ulrich, the elder, ca.1460-1532 ; Belgium ; Blacks ; Bosch, Hieronymus (Hieronymus van Aken), ca.1450-1516 ; Bruegel, Pieter, the elder, b.1525-1530, d.1569 ; Christian iconography ; Europe, Northern ; Exegesis ; Iconography ; Jesus Christ: Adoration of the Magi ; London (GBR), National Gallery ; Madrid (ESP), Museo Nacional del Prado ; Magi ; Netherlands ; Painting ; Schäufelein, Hans Leonhard, 1480/85-1537/40 ; Sin ; Symbolism ; 1500-1600 ; 1508-1509 ; 1508-1510 ; 1510 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Artibus et historiae, 1996, 17, 34
INIST identifier :
24998974 ;
ISSN 0391-9064 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
IRSA, Wien
Publisher country :