Title :

The representation of Christ in the apses of early Christian churches

Author :
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Addresses the evolution of the pictures (mosaics and paintings) in the main apses of Early Christian churches. Observes that there is no secure evidence of such images before the last third of the 4th c. Concurs with T. Mathews's thesis that Christ is represented as God and not as emperor. By the middle of the 5th c., but especially in the 6th c., there was some reluctance to directly represent God as present in the church and the desire to introduce distancing imagery (e.g., San Vitale in Ravenna, Hosios David in Thessalonike). This evolution comes to an end with the introduction of new images in the apses, like the Transfiguration and the image of the Theotokos. Includes discussion of the S. Pudenziana apse and the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, and a chart presenting an iconographic analysis of Early Christian apse compositions. ;
Pagination/Size :
7 ill. ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Abside ; Art ; Christ ; Eglise ; Iconographie ; Mosaïque ; Paléochrétien (art) ; Peinture murale ; Ravenna (ITA), S. Vitale (couvent), S. Vitale (église) ; Roma (ITA), S. Pudenziana ; Sarcophage de Junius Bassus ; Thessaloníke (GRC), Osios David ; 400-700 ;
Descriptors :
Apses ; Art ; Churches ; Early Christian ; Iconography ; Jesus Christ ; Mosaics ; Mural painting ; Ravenna (ITA), S. Vitale (monastery), S. Vitale (church) ; Roma (ITA), S. Pudenziana ; Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus ; Thessaloníke (GRC), Osios David ; 400-700 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Gesta (Fort Tryon Park, N.Y.), 1998, 37, 1
INIST identifier :
24993051 ;
ISSN 0016-920X ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
International Center of Medieval Art, Fort Tryon Park, NY
Publisher country :