Title :

An early image of a Mass of St. Gregory and devotion to the Holy Blood at Weingarten Abbey

Author :
HEINLEN, Michael ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
This paper examines a miniature of the legend of S. Gregory and the Doubting Matron produced at Weingarten Abbey at the end of the 12th c. [a single leaf, Art Institute of Chicago]. Like the more familiar scene of the Mass of S. Gregory, which appeared for the first time only in the 15th c., this miniature depicts a miraculous mass. In response to the doubts of a skeptical woman, a bloody finger materialized on Gregory's altar in order to confirm that the host had truly been transformed into Christ. The image is rare and possibly the earliest representation of this story. It was introduced at Weingarten because of circumstances peculiar to that monastery. In 1094 the abbey allegedly received a relic of Christ's blood from the Countess Judith of Flanders. As a result, Weingarten became one of the first and foremost centers of devotion to the Holy Blood. Viewed in this context, the singular appearance of the scene of the Doubting Matron does not seem accidental. The miniature presented an affirmation of the eucharistic reality of Christ's body and blood in a manuscript made at a monastery devoted to a historical relic of Christ's blood. ;
Pagination/Size :
2 ill. ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Abbaye ; Allemagne ; Chicago (IL, USA), Art Institute of Chicago ; Christ: Précieux sang ; Enluminure ; Femmes ; Iconographie ; Iconographie chrétienne ; Judith of Flanders, countess, v.1028-1094 ; Messe de saint Grégoire ; Reliques ; Spiritualité ; Weingarten Kr. Ravensburg (DEU), abbaye bénédictine ; 1100-1200 ;
Descriptors :
Chicago (IL, USA), Art Institute of Chicago ; Christian iconography ; Germany ; Iconography ; Jesus Christ: Blood ; Judith of Flanders, countess, ca.1028-1094 ; Manuscript illumination ; Mass of S. Gregory ; Monasteries ; Relics ; Spirituality ; Weingarten Kr. Ravensburg (DEU), Benedictine abbey ; Women ; 1100-1200 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Gesta (Fort Tryon Park, N.Y.), 1998, 37, 1
INIST identifier :
24993023 ;
ISSN 0016-920X ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
International Center of Medieval Art, Fort Tryon Park, NY
Publisher country :