Title :

Arnolfo, non-Arnolfo : new (and some old) observations on the ciborium in San Paolo fuori le mura

Author :
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Arnolfo di Cambio's ciborium in S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome, dated 1285, suffered more damage during the disastrous fire of 1823 than has been acknowledged. Engravings made before and after the fire reveal that a considerable portion of the superstructure was destroyed. After the fire the ciborium was dismantled, and reassembled only in 1840. A published description of a papal visit in 1838, not previously cited by scholars, refers to the fact that portions of the ciborium, then in the process of being rebuilt, are imitations of the original sculptures and decorative embellishments. Although Arnolfo's masterpiece has been intensively studied, no one has observed the discrepancies between the original mosaics and carvings and those which, when seen with an unprejudiced eye, are clearly 19th-c. replacements. This paper also raises the question why, given the lack of esteeem for Gothic art and for medieval art in general during the early 19th c. in Italy - witness the unnecessarily radical rebuilding of the Early Christian basilica of San Paolo in a neo-classical style - the decision was made to reconstruct the ciborium in an Italian Gothic style and replace it in its original location. ;
Pagination/Size :
29 ill. ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Antiquarianisme ; Arnolfo di Cambio, v.1245-av.1310 ; Ciborium ; Italie ; Reconstitution ; Roma (ITA), S. Paolo fuori le Mura ; Sculpture ; 1200-1300 ; 1800-1900 ;
Descriptors :
Antiquarianism ; Arnolfo di Cambio, ca.1245-before 1310 ; Ciboria (altar canopies) ; Italy ; Reconstruction ; Roma (ITA), S. Paolo fuori le Mura ; Sculpture ; 1200-1300 ; 1800-1900 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Gesta (Fort Tryon Park, N.Y.), 1998, 37, 1
INIST identifier :
24992933 ;
ISSN 0016-920X ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
International Center of Medieval Art, Fort Tryon Park, NY
Publisher country :