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Title :

The Russian navy as chartmaker in the eighteenth century

Author :
POSTNIKOV, Aleksey V. ;
Publication year :
2000
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
The modern period of chart making in Russia began in the reign of Peter the Great. Peter created the country's navy, which became the main focus for cartography in the 18th c. In this paper the multi-faceted duties of naval officers in the charting and mapping of seas, rivers, forest resources and other features important for ship building and the development of navigation, and essential to Russia's geo-political interests, are considered. The history of the early stages of specialized naval education and the training of surveyors at the Moscow Mathematical-Navigational School (from 1701) and the S. Petersburg Naval Academy (from 1715) are outlined, and the first surveys in the Baltic and Caspian seas are described. Finally, special attention is paid to the hydrographical surveys and charting of the Aegean Sea during the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774, the sources and methods involved, and the little-known Atlas of the Archipelago (1788) which was created from the surveys. ;
Pagination/Size :
pl. 4-6; 8 ill. (3 col.) ;
Topic :
530 - BIBLIOGRAPHIE D'HISTOIRE DE L'ART ;
French keywords :
Baltique (mer) ; Carte ; Carte de navigation ; Cartographie ; Caspienne (mer) ; Egée (mer) ; Russie, Fédération de ; Russie, Fédération de, Marine ; 1700-1800 ;
Descriptors :
Aegean Sea ; Baltic Sea ; Cartography ; Caspian Sea ; Maps ; Navigation charts ; Russian Federation ; Russian Federation, Navy ; 1700-1800 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Imago mundi (Lympne), 2000, 52
INIST identifier :
24985656 ;
ISSN :
ISSN 0308-5694 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
Taylor & Francis, Abingdon
Publisher country :
UNITED KINGDOM ;