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Title :

Object choice : Marcel Duchamp's Fountain and the art of queer art history

Author :
FRANKLIN, Paul B. ;
Publication year :
2000
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
In 1917 Marcel Duchamp purchased a mass-produced urinal, signed it 'R. Mutt', titled it Fountain, submitted it to the American Society of Independent Artists. While scholars often interpret it as a surrogate for the female body, this study contends that Fountain more appropriately may be understood as a reinscription of the all-male space of the public men's room. In both Paris and New York at the turn of the century, men frequented pissoirs in order to establish sexual contact with other men. Situating Duchamp's ready-made within the contested history of these public conveniences as well as invoking both Freud's theory of sexual object choice and Judith Butler's notion of gender performativity, this essay argues that Fountain transformed the history of art by establishing a correspondence between avant-garde artistic production and queer sexualities. ;
Pagination/Size :
10 ill. ;
Topic :
530 - BIBLIOGRAPHIE D'HISTOIRE DE L'ART ;
French keywords :
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968 ; Fontaine ; France ; Homosexualité ; Ready-mades ; Sculpture ; Urinoir ; 1900-2000 ;
Descriptors :
Duchamp, Marcel, 1887-1968 ; Fountain ; France ; Homosexuality ; Public urinals ; Ready-mades ; Sculpture ; 1900-2000 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Oxford art journal, 2000, 23, 1
INIST identifier :
24985484 ;
ISSN :
ISSN 0142-6540 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
Setsquare, Oxford
Publisher country :
UNITED KINGDOM ;