Title :

The workshop and followers of Jan van Eyck

Author :
JONES, Susan Frances ;
University :
Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
The remaining production of the Van Eycks consists of the Ghent Altarpiece by Hubert and Jan van Eyck, dedicated in 1432, (Gent, S. Baaf), and nine signed and dated works by Jan van Eyck, painted between 1432 and 1439. Little or nothing is known of the work of the Van Eycks before 1432, or of the possible activities of their assistants and followers. Existing Eyckian paintings have been attributed to Hubert van Eyck, to Jan van Eyck (sometimes before 1432), and occasionally to Lambert van Eyck, while it remains a difficult task to separate the work of the Van Eycks themselves, and those possibly by assistants, former assistants, followers or later imitators. The idea that the workshop of Jan van Eyck continued to operate for a period after his death can be investigated through the study of two paintings which were perhaps left unfinished by him in June 1441 : the lost Van Maelbeke Virgin and the Virgin and Child with Saints Barbara and Elizabeth in the Frick Collection, New York. The painter of the Frick Virgin derived features from the Van Maelbeke Virgin, as did Petrus Christus, who settled in Bruges in 1444, and was formerly held to be the only true follower of Jan van Eyck. The Frick Virgin shared features with the following Eyckian compositions : the Fountain of Life (Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado), the Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata (Torino, Galleria Sabauda), and the frontispiece miniature to volume one of Jean Chevrot's manuscript of Saint Augustine's Cité de Dieu, painted after 1445 (Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier, MS 9015). Study of these repetitions, and of related works, clarifies the means by which compositional features and ideas used by Van Eyck were transmitted to the workshops of followers, including Petrus Christus. Repetitions by Jan van Eyck himself and those in Eyckian paintings reveal a difference and division between Jan van Eyck's practice and those of assistants and followers. ;
Pagination/Size :
278 ; 278 p., [73] p. of pl.; 104 ill. (some col.); typescript ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Assistants ; Atelier ; Belgique ; Christus, Petrus, v.1410-1475/76 ; Copie ; Eyck, Hubert van, 1366-1426 ; Eyck, Jan van, v.1390-1441 ; Peinture ; Peinture sur panneau ; Suiveurs ; Technique ; Thèse ; 1400-1500 ;
Descriptors :
Assistants ; Belgium ; Christus, Petrus, ca.1410-1475/76 ; Copies ; Dissertations ; Eyck, Hubert van, 1366-1426 ; Eyck, Jan van, ca.1390-1441 ; Followers ; Painting ; Panel painting ; Technique ; Workshops ; 1400-1500 ;
Document type :
Thèses ;
INIST identifier :
24981050 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;