Title :

The visual representation of friendship amongst humanists in the Southern Netherlands, c. 1560-c. 1630

Author :
University :
Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Focuses primarily on Joris Hoefnagel's Allegory of Friendship (Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen), Rubens's Self-portrait with Mantuan Friends (Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum), and the latter's Justus Lipsius and His Pupils (Florence, Palazzo Pitti), as well as painted and printed portraits of individual humanists. Taking into account the literary nature of humanism as a movement, also makes use of contemporary textual material such as editions of classical friendship texts, letters and alba amicorum, considering these as a source of statements about friendship, which would have inflected the production and viewing of the images under discussion. Argues that, for humanists, friendship was held to depend on the mutual possession of virtue, wisdom and learning, as the relationship's origin and end, and these qualities were perceived to be communicated via the speech and physical presence of friends, and the images and texts that served as substitutes for these. Also suggests that humanists represented friendship as binding them together in elite 'communities' of the morally and intellectually distinguished, and that friendship was represented as a creative force, leading to the production of works of scholarship and art. Finally, argues that friendship was held to confer posthumous fame and assist in the attainment of salvation, through the communication of virtues on the one hand, and loving remembrance on the other. ;
Pagination/Size :
2 v. (404 p.); 104 ill. (some col.); typescript ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Allégorie de l'Amitié ; Amitié ; Belgique ; Firenze (ITA), Palazzo Pitti ; Hoefnagel, Joris, 1542-1601 ; Humanisme ; Iconographie ; Image ; Justus Lipsius et ses élèves ; Köln (DEU), Wallraf-Richartz-Museum ; L'Artiste au milieu d'amis ; Littérature ; Peinture ; Portrait ; Rotterdam (NLD), Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen ; Rubens, Peter Paul, 1577-1640 ; Texte ; Thèse ; 1500-1700 ; 1560-1630 ;
Descriptors :
Allegory of Friendship ; Belgium ; Dissertations ; Firenze (ITA), Palazzo Pitti ; Friendship ; Hoefnagel, Joris, 1542-1601 ; Humanism ; Iconography ; Imagery ; Justus Lipsius and His Pupils ; Köln (DEU), Wallraf-Richartz-Museum ; Literature ; Painting ; Portraits ; Rotterdam (NLD), Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen ; Rubens, Peter Paul, 1577-1640 ; Self-portrait in a Circle of Friends ; Text ; 1500-1700 ; 1560-1630 ;
Document type :
Thèses ;
INIST identifier :
24975836 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;