Title :

Fabricating the antique : neoclassicism in England, c. 1763-c. 1835

Author :
COLTMAN, Victoria ;
University :
Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Interrogates some of the meanings of English neoclassicism by exploring the influence of antiquity in fashioning the aesthetics of English interiors, ca.1763-ca.1835. Focuses on the culture of education, imitation and competition which reinvented the material culture of the ancients as a series of elite possessions - once it had been isolated and dislocated from its original contexts. The evidence afforded by a range of unpublished artefacts, collections and archives, reveals that neoclassicism is not so much a decorative style, but, rather, a style of thought, to use the terminology employed by the German sociologist K. Mannheim. Part one argues that 18th c. classicism is a technology of public schooling: a learned endeavour embodied in classical textbooks that mapped out itineries - figurative and literal - for later encounters with the antique. Just as the texts of ancient authors were employed as guidebooks in viewing the ancient remains of Italy, so publications of collections of classical pots, paintings and sculpture purchased on the grand tour (e.g., Sir William Hamilton's vase publications and the Antichità di Ercolano eposti), were utilised back home in England as aesthetic 'pattern books' for the decorative interior. Having focused on textuality and its relationship to the materiality of neoclassicism, looks at collections of antique sculptures (originals and reproductions). The copy as a material and conceptual tool is used to demonstrate how far casts and copies of famous antique sculptures were moulded to an elite English agenda of aristocratic competition and gentlemanly self-representation. By juxtaposing intact (restored), ancient sculptures from Charles Townley's collection with the fragmentary (ruined), Parthenon marbles, then explores neoclassicism in terms of conflicting aesthetic responses to antiquity. Concludes with the shift from neoclassicism to romanticism. Having surveyed what was classical about the (so-called), neoclassical period, ends with a discussion of how far antiquities 'lost the antique' in their reception by modernity. ;
Pagination/Size :
248 ; 248 p., [103] p. of pl.; 103 ill. (some col.); typescript ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Antique (art) ; Antiquité ; Collectionneurs ; Collections ; Copie ; England (GBR) ; Esthétique ; Grande-Bretagne ; Moulage (objet) ; Néoclassicisme ; Restauration ; Sculpture ; Thèse ; 1700-1900 ; 1763-1835 ;
Descriptors :
Aesthetics ; Ancient ; Antiquity ; Casts ; Collections ; Collectors ; Copies ; Dissertations ; England (GBR) ; Great Britain ; Neo-classicism ; Restoration ; Sculpture ; 1700-1900 ; 1763-1835 ;
Document type :
Thèses ;
INIST identifier :
24975732 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;