Title :

Memorizing the new : using recent works as models in Italian Renaissance commissions

Author :
O'MALLEY, Michelle ;
Conference :
International Congress of the History of Art (29th, 1996, Amsterdam); Memory & oblivion : proceedings of the XXIXth International Congress of the History of Art held in Amsterdam, 1-7 September 1996; Dordrecht; Kluwer Academic Publishers ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Italian renaissance painters' contracts that stipulate the use of a prototype often refer to a recently-made altarpiece or fresco as a model. The stipulation illuminates how people conceived and imagined new works of art, and indicates how, in addition to drawings, visual information was conveyed between contracting parties. Italians did not commission copies of works of art. Contract language and the comparison of surviving new work and prototype pairs make it clear that models were used only for individual elements of a new work, and only to indicate similarity. Sometimes there is a relationship between the owners of the works. Most models were proposed to show the architectural character of a new altarpiece, but occasionally contracts refer to prototypes for iconography, and more rarely, for compositional arrangement or level of quality. Since compositional prototypes were infrequently discussed between contracting parties, most models for compositions were probably introduced, without reference to clients, by painters who recognised successful solutions to pictorial problems. Italian use of models is different from that in the Netherlands, where models were commonly proposed for style and iconography, and Italians' practice clarifies their interest in the individuality and inventiveness of painters. ;
Pagination/Size :
4 ill. ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Commande d'oeuvre d'art ; Contrat ; Copie ; Imitation ; Italie ; Peinture ; 1400-1600 ;
Descriptors :
Commissions ; Contracts ; Copies ; Imitation ; Italy ; Painting ; 1400-1600 ;
Document type :
Communication de congrès ;
INIST identifier :
24975652 ;
ISBN 0792342135 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher country :