Title :

Barbizon : Malerei der Natur - Natur der Malerei; München; Klinkhardt & Biermann

Painting of nature - nature of painting : an essay on landscape and the historical position of 'Barbizon'

Author :
ZIMMERMANN, Michael F. ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Argues that the paintings of the Barbizon school have a key position in the history of an ever more painterly artistic language of painting that will finally result in gestural abstraction. At the same time, 'Barbizon' marks a turning point: a system of the arts dominated by the humanist theory of the arts comes to an end, and modern ideas about autonomous arts start to dominate the production as well as the reception of art works. Landscape has always been a genre whose place in the hierarchy of the genres was disputed. When Romanticism questioned the values of classical artistic theory as well as traditional rhetoric, landscape metamorphosed into the genre that would undermine the hierarchy of genres. ... The Barbizon artists found a new language for the search for themselves in the mirror of nature: the visible, nervous brushstrokes, highly individual techniques, like handwriting expressive of the unfathomable, inner life. In that language, inner and outer nature became indistinguishable. The search for the self and the elaboration of the art work, the observation of outer nature and the awareness of the artist's own emotions, are fused into the artistic process. On the basis of their new expressive techniques, many of the Barbizon artists found new, partly unconscious myths about nature and life close to it. Thereby, they did not reconstruct classical idylls. Such idylls could only be represented in the language of stylization. Thus, Ingres blended his own fantasy totally to the tradition of art history. Millet or Courbet, on the contrary, presented nature as transformed by modern psychology to a public whose projections were conditioned by the rhythms of urban life. One of the new myths was an authentic life, following the truths of the heart, at the margins of society. ;
Pagination/Size :
203 ; 203, 258; 8 ill. (2 col.) ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Comparaison ; Courbet, Gustave, 1819-1877 ; Ecole de Barbizon ; France ; Humanisme ; Ingres, Jean Auguste Dominique, 1780-1867 ; Millet, Jean François, 1814-1875 ; Naturalisme ; Paysage ; Peinture ; Réception ; Subjectivité ; Technique ; Théorie de l'art ; Théorie littéraire ; 1800-1900 ;
Descriptors :
Art theory ; Barbizon school ; Comparison ; Courbet, Gustave, 1819-1877 ; France ; Humanism ; Ingres, Jean Auguste Dominique, 1780-1867 ; Landscape ; Literary theory ; Millet, Jean François, 1814-1875 ; Naturalism ; Painting ; Reception ; Subjectivity ; Technique ; 1800-1900 ;
Document type :
Article ;
INIST identifier :
24974481 ;
ISBN 3781404242 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher country :