Title :

Spanish Herod, Dutch Innocents : Bruegel's Massacres of the Innocents in their sixteenth-century political contexts

Author :
KUNZLE, David ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Approaches the Bruegel painting by establishing possible precursors for the politicization of the Massacre of the Innocents in European drama and art. With the wars, the theme moves, suddenly popular, from Italy to the north. Kunzle argues that there are, in fact, two distinct compositions of the subject by Bruegel the Elder, the other being much less well known but probably derived from him (both were later much copied), which he places with new evidence in the context of Spanish repression, and other politicized versions of the theme by other Flemish artists. By indicating the severity of the repression well before the arrival of Alva in 1567, Kunzle shows that arguments in favor of the one autograph version (Hampton Court) having a contemporary application do not depend on a later dating, and that any resemblance of the commander of the massacre to the Duke of Alva in the Vienna version and other copies, is due to their having been done a 'safer' generation later. Other relevant political works by Bruegel are adduced, notably the Census [Brussels, Musées royaux des beaux-arts] and Preaching of S. John [Budapest, Szépmuvészeti Múzeum]. A consciousness of Spanish tyranny and slaughter is carried into the later part of the century, via anti-Spanish cartoons, paintings of (non-biblical) killing and plundering and other Massacres of the Innocents, notably and climactically those by Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem, which must have been affected by his childhood experience of the Siege of Haarlem in 1573. ;
Pagination/Size :
14 ill. ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Alba, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, duque de, 1507-1582 ; Art ; Belgique ; Bruegel, Pieter, l'Ancien, n.1525-1530, m.1569 ; Bruxelles (BEL), Musées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique ; Budapest (HUN), Szépmuvészeti Múzeum ; Copie ; Cornelisz. van Haarlem, Cornelis, 1562-1638 ; Espagne ; Europe ; Iconographie ; Iconographie chrétienne ; Influence ; Jean-Baptiste, saint ; London (GBR), Hampton Court Palace ; Massacre des Innocents ; Pays-Bas ; Peinture ; Pièce de théâtre ; Politique ; Prédication de saint Jean-Baptiste ; Saints ; Version ; Vierge: Dénombrement à Bethléem ; 1500-1600 ;
Descriptors :
Alba, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, duque de, 1507-1582 ; Art ; Belgium ; Bruegel, Pieter, the elder, b.1525-1530, d.1569 ; Bruxelles (BEL), Musées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique ; Budapest (HUN), Szépmuvészeti Múzeum ; Christian iconography ; Copies ; Cornelisz. van Haarlem, Cornelis, 1562-1638 ; Drama ; Europe ; Iconography ; Influence ; John the Baptist, S. ; London (GBR), Hampton Court Palace ; Mary, Virgin: Numbering at Bethlehem ; Massacre of the innocents ; Netherlands ; Painting ; Politics ; Preaching of S. John the Baptist ; Saints ; Spain ; Versions ; 1500-1600 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
Art history, 2001, 24, 1, Feb
INIST identifier :
24954009 ;
ISSN 0141-6790 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
Routledge & Kegan, Henley-on-Thames
Publisher country :