Title :

Twentieth-century architecture and its histories; [S.l.]; Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain

The Churchill College competition and the Smithson generation

Author :
HARWOOD, Elain ;
Publication year :
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Surveys the background to university building in the 1950s, and reevaluates Alison and Peter Smithson's entry for the Churchill College, Cambridge competition in 1959 as marking a turning point in their work. Considers it in context of the equally interesting entries by Howell, Killick and Partridge and by Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, and of the winners Richard Sheppard, Robson and Partners, whose scheme reflected the Brutalist aesthetic of Le Corbusier's Maisons Jaoul. Argues that in many ways the competition shows a breaking down of the barriers between architects of different generations and persuasions, and marks a moment when the new technically more inventive possibilities of using concrete on a large scale were realized. The Smithsons' ideas seem to presage not the monumental era of modern architecture in the early 1960s but a gentler style that was to gain widespread acceptance only at the end of that decade. ;
Pagination/Size :
9 ill.; plans ;
Topic :
French keywords :
Alison and Peter Smithson (firme architecturale), London (GBR) ; Architecture ; Béton ; Cambridge (GBR), Cambridge University, Churchill College ; Chamberlin, Powell and Bon (firme architecturale), London (GBR) ; Collège ; Concours ; Grande-Bretagne ; Howell, Killick and Partridge (firme architecturale), London (GBR) ; Matériaux de construction ; New Brutalism ; Richard Sheppard, Robson and Partners (firme architecturale), London ; Technique ; Université ; 1900-2000 ;
Descriptors :
Alison and Peter Smithson (architectural firm), London (GBR) ; Architectural materials ; Architecture ; Cambridge (GBR), Cambridge University, Churchill College ; Chamberlin, Powell and Bon (architectural firm), London (GBR) ; Colleges ; Competitions ; Concrete ; Great Britain ; Howell, Killick and Partridge (architectural firm), London (GBR) ; New Brutalism ; Richard Sheppard, Robson and Partners (architectural firm), London (G ; Technique ; Universities ; 1900-2000 ;
Document type :
Article ;
INIST identifier :
24945213 ;
ISBN 0950735094 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher country :