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Title :

Flayed for art : the écorché figure in the English art academy

Author :
POSTLE, Martin ;
Publication year :
2004
Language :
English ;
Abstract :
Explores the role of anatomy in the teaching of art, particularly at the S. Martin's Lane Academy and the Royal Academy, London, around 1740 to 1800. Anatomists and artists shared a common agenda and from the late 17th c. there is evidence of increased use of écorché figures. Proposes that the surgeon and patron William Cheselden may have collaborated with Roubiliac on one of the earliest recorded écorché figures in England, made specifically for the use of artists. William Hunter dissected for, and lectured to, artists, and produced a plaster écorché figure for the Society of Artists which spawned a number of small, bronze, replicas. Identifies another polychrome écorché by Hunter which still belongs to the Royal Academy. This figure may well have infuenced the sculptor Thomas Banks and his so-called 2Anatomical Crucifixion. The primacy of the anatomised figure in artistic education theory was not universally endorsed and was at variance with the theories of Joshua Reynolds. Anatomy came to be marginalised in the academic hierarchy, and this combined with a growing distate for the graphic depiction of the human body in polite society, hastened the decline of the teaching of anatomy at the Royal Academy. ;
Pagination/Size :
11 ill. (8 col.) ;
Topic :
530 - BIBLIOGRAPHIE D'HISTOIRE DE L'ART ; 5305A - 1800-1945 ; Architecture ; 530-V - 1800-1945 ;
French keywords :
Anatomie ; Banks, Thomas, 1735-1805 ; Cheselden, William, 1688-1752 ; Corps humain ; Dissection ; Ecorché ; Education artistique ; Esthétique ; Grande-Bretagne ; Hunter, William, 1718-1783 ; Illustration ; London (GBR), Royal Academy of Arts ; London (GBR), S. Martin's Lane Academy ; Mécénat ; Reynolds, Joshua, 1723-1792 ; Roubiliac, Louis François, 1702-1762 ; Sculpture ; Théorie de l'art ; 1700-1800 ;
Descriptors :
Aesthetics ; Anatomy ; Art education ; Art theory ; Banks, Thomas, 1735-1805 ; Cheselden, William, 1688-1752 ; Dissection ; Ecorché ; Great Britain ; Human figure ; Hunter, William, 1718-1783 ; Illustration ; London (GBR), Royal Academy of Arts ; London (GBR), S. Martin's Lane Academy ; Patronage ; Reynolds, Joshua, 1723-1792 ; Roubiliac, Louis François, 1702-1762 ; Sculpture ; 1700-1800 ;
Document type :
Article ;
Source :
British art journal, 2004, 5, 1, spring-summer
INIST identifier :
24890296 ;
ISSN :
ISSN 1467-2006 ;
Provenance :
Bibliographie d'Histoire de l'Art ;
Publisher :
Art journals, London
Publisher country :
UNITED KINGDOM ;